How many types of diabetes are there?

Type 1 is the first type in the question "how many types of diabetes are there?"Type 1 is the first type in the question "how many types of diabetes are there?"

A basic question received from patients is that ” How many types of diabetes are there?”. When detecting to have diabetes, patients worry about which types of diabetes they have and its treatment. First of all, we need to know some types of diabetes. 

In 1997, World Health Organization and American Diabetes Association divided this disease into 4 basic types: type 1, type 2, gestinational and special diabetes. As its definition, diabetes occurs when your blood glucose raises too high. Blood glucose is the main type of sugar found in your blood. Besides, it is the main source of energy. Glucose comes from the food you eat and also makes in your liver and muscles. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body’s cells to use for energy.

Your pancreas helps with digestion. It releases insulin into your blood. Insulin helps your blood carry glucose to all your body’s cells. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough insulin. Or another way, the insulin doesn’t work the way it should. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood glucose levels get too high and can cause diabetes or prediabetes. Finally, over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.

Now we will come to each type, in detail.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 is the first type in the question "how many types of diabetes are there?"

Type 1 is the first type in the question “how many types of diabetes are there?”

It is an autoimmune disease. In type 1 diabetes, your body no longer makes insulin or enough insulin. Because the body’s immune system has attacked and destroyed the cells that make insulin. Usually, the diagnosis is in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood, but not always. Moreover, people can be diagnosed with type 1 at any age.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type2 diabetes is the next type of this disease

Type2 diabetes is the next type of this disease

The second type for the answer ” how many types of diabetes are there?” is type 2 diabetes. It usually begins with insulin resistance. It occurs when fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin to carry glucose into the body’s cells to use for energy. As a result, the body needs more insulin to help glucose enter cells. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by making more insulin. Over time, the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin when blood sugar levels increase. If your pancreas can no longer make enough insulin, you will need to treat your type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes, which used to be called adult-onset diabetes, can affect people at any age, even children. However, type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older people. People who are overweight and inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy process of woman

Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy process of woman

Thirdly, gestational diabetes is the next type of answer list. It can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant women make hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. All women have insulin resistance late in their pregnancy. If the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin during pregnancy, a woman develops gestational diabetes.

Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA)

LADA is known as type 1.5 diabetes

LADA is known as type 1.5 diabetes

In addition, researchers have discovered another category of diabetes called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). Think of LADA as a slowly progressing version of type 1 with some of the characteristics of type 2.  In fact, some people call it type 1.5.

People with LADA have antibodies to the disease like those with type 1 but they don’t need insulin right away.  Their blood glucose can be controlled on lifestyle or oral agents for months or sometimes years

In conclusion, answer for the question :” how many types of diabetes are there?” is 4 types. In detail, diabetes exists in 4 types as following: type 1, type 2, gestinational and Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA). We need to know diabetes treatment to avoid this disease actively.

 

Facebook Conversations

comments

Be the first to comment on "How many types of diabetes are there?"

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.


*