What is type 2 diabetes?

In general. type 2 diabetes accounts for the big rate of diabeticsIn general. type 2 diabetes accounts for the big rate of diabetics

As we know, the rate of diabetics having type 2 is up to 90 percent. There are about 27 million people in the America with it. The most common form of diabetes is called type 2, or non-insulin dependent diabetes. In other words, people call this disease as “adult onset” diabetes, since it typically develops after age 35. However, a growing number of younger people are now developing type 2 diabetes.  “What is type 2 diabetes?” need answering for all of us.

What is type 2 diabetes?

The answer for "what is type 2 diabetes?"

The answer for “what is type 2 diabetes?”

As usual, our pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It’s what lets your cells turn glucose from the food you eat into energy. However, people with type 2 diabetes make insulin, their cells don’t use it as well as they should. Doctors call this insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. But eventually, it can’t keep up, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead.

What are causes of type 2 diabetes?

Factors of type 2 diabetes causes

Factors of type 2 diabetes causes

Second question for “what is type 2 diabetes?” relates to the causes of this disease. In order to answer for this question, we can list some following typical causes.

Genes. It is the first cause of type 2 diabetes. Scientists have found different bits of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin.

Extra weight. This is the second one in the list of type 2 diabetes causes. Being overweight can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds around the middle. Now type 2 diabetes can affect children and teens as well as adults, mainly because of childhood obesity.

Healthy diet. When your blood sugar is low, your liver makes and sends out glucose. After you eat, your blood sugar goes up, and usually the liver will slow down and store its glucose for later. Eventually, it leads to type 2 diabetes.

Lack of exercises. This is a cause of type 2 diabetes we have to mention. We need to take more physical activities to control our health. Especially, we can avoid the risk of diabetes thanks to our health condition.

Besides, we can list other causes, such as stress, smoking. They all contribute to the risks of type 2 diabetes, as well.

Diagnosis and treatment

What is treatment of type 2 diabetes?

What is treatment of type 2 diabetes?

According to medical doctors, we can effectively manage type 2 diabetes. As usual, doctor will tell you how often you should check your blood glucose levels. The goal is to stay within a specific range and control our health. Like diabetes, people with type 2 should follow some rules about dietary and physical exercises for a good health.

  • Using foods rich in fiber and healthy carbohydrates in your diet. In detail, eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will help keep your blood glucose levels steady.
  • Control your weight and keep your heart healthy. That means keeping refined carbohydrates, sweets, and animal fats to a minimum. If you have a fit body, you can prevent many diseases including type 2 diabetes.
  • Finally, get about half an hour of aerobic activity daily to help keep your heart healthy. Exercise helps to control blood glucose, too.

In short, we can totally control type 2 diabetes basing on eating and exercising habits. Therefore, we need to have a scientific habits in order to avoid this disease effectively.


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